|Nintendo Entertainment System|
|Released|| July 15, 1983|
October 18, 1985
February 3, 1986
September 1, 1986
|Successor||Super Nintendo Entertainment System|
The Nintendo Entertainment System, often shortened as NES, known as the Famicom (short for Family Computer) in Japan, was released in 1985 to rave reviews. Although no Animal Crossing series games were released for the NES, some NES games found their way onto the GameCube Animal Crossing seventeen years later. Most are accessible through regular gameplay and Game Boy Advance connectivity, such as Animal Island or Animal Crossing E-Cards, while a few (Super Mario Bros., The Legend of Zelda) currently require Action Replay to obtain.
The Nintendo Entertainment System varies quite a bit with it's Famicom counterpart. For instance, the Nintendo Entertainment System had detachable controllers, while the Famicom's controllers were unable to be removed due to a built-in microphone function, the Famicom was smaller and much less bulky than the NES, and the colors are also changed: the Famicom has red and white coloring, while the NES has a gray and black coloring. The Nintendo Entertainment System was sold in a special pack that included Super Mario Bros., which resulted in said game being the record-holder for most copies sold worldwide, which is over 40 million. During it's lifetime, the Nintendo Entertainment System had sold over 61 million units. This console had also saved the gaming industry from the Video Game Crash of 1983.
Fall of the NES
Soon, owners complained of odd slowdowns and console freezes in their NESs. This was most likely due to how the cartridges were inserted, which was said to have pushed back the wiring, causing these problems. Another factor was dust caught inside the cartridges that found its way inside the console mainframe, clogging the programming systems. Because of this, drastic measures were taken to ensure the NES's longevity, such as a hardware cleaning kit issued in attempts to help homeowners clean their console mainframes of dust, as well as a redesigned, more efficient model of the NES released a few years after the Super Nintendo Entertainment System's release. Eventually, the NES fell from the markets in 1995 (though its Japanese counterpart outlived it by 8 years), being replaced by the SNES.